The CGIAR Research Program on Wheat (WHEAT) is part of an international, collaborative effort to raise the productivity of wheat farming systems, address the global threat of stem rust disease, and help wheat farmers in developing countries grow their crops in hotter conditions with less water and less fertilizer.
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Recurrent food crises combined with climate change, natural resources depletion, and food prices threaten the livelihoods of millions of poor people.
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Accounting for a fifth of humanity's food, wheat is second only to rice as a source of calories in the diets of developing country consumers, and it is first as a source of protein.
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Wheat is an especially critical "staff of life" for the approximately 1.2 billion "wheat dependent" to 2.5 billion "wheat consuming" poor.
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At the same time, climate-change-induced temperature increases are likely to reduce wheat production in developing countries by 20-30 percent.
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Demand for wheat in the developing world is projected to increase 60 percent by 2050.